Pros and cons of Vocational Education Training

November 23, 2023 •

7 min reading

The pros and cons of Vocational Education Training

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Students interested in pursuing higher education encounter the choice between broader, liberal arts- educational options and vocational training. The academic vs. vocational debate affects many students preparing for their careers.

While both options offer excellent education and prepare students for their jobs, each offers a slightly different approach to learning and coursework. Students interested in pursuing a specific type of trade, such as working within the hospitality industry, will find that vocational schools can present several advantages and open many doors to success.


Advantages of vocational education training

Pursuing a vocational education has its advantages. By learning and focussing on a specific trade, students have the opportunity to immerse themselves in the trade allowing them to build an exciting career in a new field. As students recognize the value of vocational education training, they will find unparalleled advantages to this type of schooling.

The focus on practical skills

"Learning by Doing" is the core of Vocational Education Training. Practical learning more than theoretical learning is the priority. Students in vocational schools spend significantly more time practicing tangible skills that they will need and can apply to the workplace. The focus of their studies is on acquiring knowledge and competencies that they need to work proficiently in their chosen field.

With this style of learning, work experience becomes an actual part of the course itself, rather than something to be pursued outside of course time through internships or low-level jobs. Students have the opportunity to graduate with practical experience in their chosen field, which helps them hit the ground running once they begin their full-time job.

They are more prepared to begin their jobs immediately.

An education that prepares students for the global stage

Vocational schools attract students with a variety of different life experiences. Students have the chance to attend courses and work closely with classmates from different ethnic, cultural, and economic backgrounds. Students come from a variety of different countries to attend classes together and then go on to work in hospitality businesses around the world.

The world becomes increasingly globalized with each passing year. The internet connects businesses and customers instantaneously, which helps break down barriers between people of different backgrounds. Travel and tourism provide people with the opportunities to explore different cultures and locations. More people take advantage of these possibilities with each passing year.

With an education that allows students to work closely with such a diverse group of people, it becomes easy to see how these educational opportunities benefit professionals. Students graduate with intimate experience of working cross-culturally, a better understanding of communicating with people from different backgrounds, and the insight they need to thrive in jobs worldwide. In other words, they become assets to their organizations in the globalized world.

Building better relationships with classmates and professors

The schooling experience differs when it comes to the vocational education experience. Students spend significantly more time in their physical classes and less time working on outside projects. In a traditional classroom, students might spend only a few hours a week in their classes as they need time to work on their research papers. Whereas in a vocational school, they spend many hours working intensely on the practical skills and subject matter they learn in the course.

This results in an environment where classmates and professors build better and deeper relationships. Students work together closely with their classmates and form relationships with their professors as they move through the program. Working with people in a collaborative manner is a highly underrated skill. It is something that one has to be able to ace for the rest of their professional lives . Vocational education and training provides students with the opportunity to actively engage with their classmates, professors and get first-hand experience of working in groups.

Students also have immersive classes because they might need access to specialized equipment or environments to learn and practice their newfound skills. This further gives them hands-on experience in the field and ensures they will be prepared for the first day on the job.

Students' hours in a vocational setting closely imitate the typical work hours in the field, making the transition from a student to a professional even smoother.

Awakening passions

Students in vocational jobs enter their career paths because they have the chance to pursue their passion or a career that interests them. When they get to the vocational school, one can notice that the significant hours spent every week pursuing something they want to devote their time and energy to.. This promotes an excellent learning environment for students.

Adaptable Programs

Vocational Courses are intended to support non-conventional students who wish to study while balancing other obligations. Options such as online learning, evening, night weekend make this alternative beneficial for those trying to develop new career expertise while working full-time.

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Economic benefits of vocational education

Students entering vocational programs also experience various economic benefits by choosing this educational path. Here are a few of the most common ones we see.

They often have an easier time finding a job

When students graduate from a vocational program, they have work experience and specific training for their exact field. In other words, their prospective employer knows that this candidate has gone through specialized learning, practice in the field and is prepared to start in the new position right away with minimal training.

Students find that this can open many professional avenues. They do not have to worry about applying for jobs without specific work experience in their chosen field, devoid of which the applicant may not be considered. Rather than having to start off in jobs that also provide training, students have the education they need to jump right into the position and lay the foundation for a successful career significantly faster than others who had attended traditional academic schools.

Students can often finish school faster

Students finish vocational programs faster than the education programs in other fields as the learning focuses specifically on the career choice.

With less time spent in school, students get to transition from spending money for learning and training opportunities to making money in their careers faster, allowing them to create net benefits for themselves from a financial standpoint.

Schools in the vocational sector often cost less than other types of learning institutions

Vocational Education is generally a low-priced alternative for individuals as vocational courses can be completed in two years or less. Tuition and other fees that go into learning this field do not run as high as they do at other types of schools. This contributes further to the financial savings experienced by students during their education. They pay less each year they are in school, which helps them decrease any debt they have to take on to pay for school, allowing them to begin building their savings and establishing their financial security faster than those who spend thousands more on their education.


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Challenges facing vocational education

Although the benefits for students entering vocational educational programs are many, there are a few challenges of vocational education that those entering a related field should be aware of. Understanding these challenges can help students make the best decisions for their school and professional careers. They can make plans that will help them accommodate these challenges and set themselves up for academic and professional success.

Less of an opportunity to explore different subjects

In a traditional academic school program, students have opportunities to explore different subjects and disciplines outside their core topics for their future degrees. In other words, a student majoring in mathematics may also take some classes on philosophy or similar liberal arts studies. This can help to create a well-rounded course of study that helps to create a broader education.

In a vocational setting, however, the subjects that students study revolve around their core concentration. While they may take some closely related tangential courses, they have fewer opportunities to take classes well outside their discipline.

Employers who focus on vocational students might be less able to adapt

Some organizations have encountered struggles when it comes to adapting with students who were educated in primarily vocational settings. Students who did not have the opportunity to broaden their skills across various disciplines and topics might be less willing and able to transition and adopt new technology and strategies within the workplace. Since their education focused on learning a specific means of completing certain routine tasks and engaging within the industry, sharp changes might be challenging to adopt.

However, students and employers can counter this problem through regular employee training. Schools themselves can also work to provide classes that explore some of the cutting-edge technologies that might become more mainstream over the course of the students’ careers, so they feel more poised to transition in the workplace. Schools can also offer workshops or refresher courses designed to introduce graduated students to some of the latest industry advancements and how new capabilities can benefit the sector and consumers.

When it comes to educating students, many find that two main paths exist. The first, a traditional four-year degree, offers students academic and professional education through intensive coursework. The lessons consist of core subjects in their area of study as well as other various broad courses that touch upon other disciplines. Meanwhile, vocational education focuses on providing learning opportunities for those who want to excel within a particular trade. While there are benefits and drawbacks to each system, understanding how these two types of education relate to each other and their impact on students and their future career is critical for anyone deciding on their academic career.

Written by

Consultant - EHL Education Consulting

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